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Car speakers: What to look for when you want to change new speakers

Car speakers: What to look for when you want to change new speakers
Image by Mikes-Photography on Pixabay

Driving a car to a certain destination can get boring quickly, especially when it’s a long distance. In this context, you might make the trip pleasant by listening to pass the time, the information, or if you are not too current, you can listen to music.

There are car speakers of almost any size, shape, and type, but with so many options available. Therefore, it can be difficult to know what speakers fit my car. However, by following a few important points, you will more appropriately select the perfect speakers for your vehicle.

Make a good match of your new car speakers with the rest of your system

You should keep two main specifications in mind when you want to consider which speakers will work best in your car.

1. Sensitivity

Sensitivity is used to know how much the speakers will perform when power is applied to them. If you have a low-power stereo system (15 Watts RMS per channel, or less), like most systems installed in cars from the factory, the highest sensitivity speakers (more than 90 dB) will be the most suitable.

On the other hand, if you have a high-power system (16 Watts RMS or more), such as that provided by an alternative radio or an external amplifier, then lower sensitivity speakers can be considered. The latter, with adequate power, will provide excellent sound quality.

2. Power handling

Power handling lets you know the amount of power (measured in Watts) that a speaker can support.

If you have a low-power head unit (or radio), then the speakers don’t need to handle a lot of power either. On the other hand, a system with powerful external amplifiers will require speakers whose power handling is in the closest range of the power delivered by the amplifier.

The RMS value measures the effective power that the speaker can handle in a continuous period of time, not just for a short period. A System that reads “2-50 watts RMS” will match your original radio better than a “10-80 watts RMS” System.

What kind of speakers do you need for your car?

The speaker alternatives on the market can be divided into two main categories: full-range speakers and component speaker systems. We will explain each one and take a look at its advantages and disadvantages.

Two car speakers 1024x576 - Car speakers: What to look for when you want to change new speakers
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Full-range speakers 

Full-range speakers contain all the elements in a single housing. In their simplest form, they consist of a woofer (for the bass) and a tweeter mounted on the woofer to produce the high (or treble) sounds. Some models will have additional drivers, also known as a midrange or super tweeter.

Full-range speakers should be chosen if you are looking to replace factory speakers with a minimum of clutter in the resulting sound.

These speakers come in a variety of sizes that easily mount where the factory speakers are installed.

In most cases, you just have to remove the old speaker, plug in the new speaker, and finally fix it.

Generally, full-range speakers can be found in almost every price range and power rating.

Component systems

Component systems use superior speaker design to give you the best possible sound.

A typical component system includes separate woofers and tweeters, and external crossovers – all of which are designed to work together.

In a component system, the tweeter comes separate from the woofer and can be mounted to provide the best sound image. As a result, your music will sound more realistic, more “alive,” and will have greater depth.

The crossover comes externally to the woofer and tweeter, so they are generally manufactured with their internal components of higher quality, thus guaranteeing an excellent delimitation between the frequencies sent to the different drivers – to obtain a more realistic sound.

Component systems are generally made of better materials than their full-range counterparts, so they can deliver exceptional dynamics and much more detailed sound.

Speaker construction materials

The selection of a speaker’s materials will determine its durability and sound quality.

Materials for Woofers

To effectively reproduce the low notes in your music. The subwoofer of a full-range speaker or component system must be made of a hard but lightweight material.

Manufacturers make most woofer cones from a synthetic film such as polypropylene, achieving very good sound reproduction.

Woven or synthetic woofers coated with metals such as aluminum or titanium are also lightweight, strong, and provides an excellent response. In addition, all these materials are well resistant to heat, cold, and humidity.

Materials for Tweeters

The material of a tweeter has a great effect on the type of sound it produces.

PYRAMID TW18 Tweeters 3.25quotquot - Car speakers: What to look for when you want to change new speakers
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In general, the tweeters are made of soft materials, such as poly, textile blends, or silk, delivering a more refined and even somewhat soft sound. However, if you like bright and snappy highs, you should consider tweeters made from hard materials like metal, ceramic, or even graphite.

Additional materials

Suspension on a woofer performs a vital function – it allows the cone to move freely and deliver a more energetic or punchy bass.

It must be resistant to both extreme temperature and humidity. Rubber suspensions will provide the best performance and longest life. Foam and fabric ones cost less and can still perform well.

Other features

Several other common features may be important to your system needs.

Rotary tweeters

If you’re replacing low-door speakers, full-range speakers with pivoting tweeters can greatly affect the sound.

The tweeters produce highly directional high frequencies, and since the pivoting tweeters can be “steered” toward the listener, music will sound more realistic with a greater sense of depth.

External crossovers

Component systems typically use external passive crossovers to achieve a clean separation between the frequencies sent to the woofer and tweeter.

The woofer and tweeter waste no power trying to reproduce frequencies they are not intended for. As a result, cleaner and more efficient sound reproduction can be enjoyed.

Featured Image by Mikes-Photography on Pixabay