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Understanding Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) And Its Categories

Understanding Alternative Dispute Resolution(ADR) And Its Categories
Image by Gerd Altmann from Pixabay

ADR, or alternative dispute resolution, is a term that describes methods other than taking it to court to settle issues between customers and businesses. ADR development is something the government wishes to promote. All organizations devoted to providing their clients with the highest caliber of service should benefit from improved ADR and more straightforward access to it.

ADR may be divided into four primary categories in the UK: 

  • Negotiation
  • Mediation
  • Arbitration
  • Conciliation

Some ADR procedures are not enforceable in court. If a contract isn’t enforceable in court, it can’t be enforced if one party subsequently decides they don’t want to follow it. In this circumstance, the party must reopen the case for the judge to render a binding judgment.

You can hire Pearl Lemon Legal’s Alternative Dispute Resolution Lawyers to solve disputes or conflicts. They specialize in Negotiation, Mediation, and Arbitration. 

Categories Of Alternative Dispute Resolution 


Negotiation is frequently the initial course of action for individuals looking to settle a disagreement. Just because sometimes, putting all the cards on the table and trying to negotiate a solution may help both sides resolve conflicts. If necessary, dispute resolution professionals can take direction and bargain on behalf of the people involved.

Due to how straightforward it is, this type of ADR is frequently disregarded. The sides must cooperate in compromising since no neutral third party is present to aid in the discussion.


An impartial third party, under mutual instruction, is a mediator. Their job is facilitating dialogue between the disputing parties to reach a resolution or deal. Although the mediator will strive to assist the parties in resolving and will engage in open discussion of the problems, they often won’t express their judgments or ideas.

In rare circumstances, the courts will request that the parties attempt mediation before presenting a matter before a judge. Imagine a party that rejects mediation as well. In that situation, the courts will consider that party less favorably and may impose a costs order as retaliation. A direction from a court or tribunal about the payment of fees is known as a costs order. A costs order allows the court to direct one party to cover all or a portion of the other party’s claim.


The term “arbitrator” refers to a neutral third party appointed by the parties to resolve the dispute. An expert in the field where the disagreement is present, such as civil engineering, will serve as the arbitrator.

The arbitrator will hear arguments from both parties before making a decision. A panel of arbitrators presided over by another arbitrator may be chosen for arbitration in place of a single arbitrator.

A final judgment rendered by an arbitrator or panel of arbitrators is judicially enforceable and consequently binding on all parties.


Conciliation is a typical ADR method used in employment conflicts. In addition, conciliation must be completed before an employee may file a claim with the Employment Tribunal. The conciliator will debate the topics and make an effort to assist the parties in coming to a consensus, frequently offering their viewpoint after evaluating the circumstance and the various arguments.

The conciliator’s perspective is used for parties to understand where they are in the disagreement and reach a resolution.

What occurs if ADR is unsuccessful?

You must look toward the adjudicative procedure if ADR is unsuccessful. A legal procedure for taking your claim to court is known as an adjudicative process.

You must file a lawsuit in one of the following jurisdictions, depending on the nature of the dispute:

  • Country Court
  • High Court 
  • Tribunal System 
  • Supreme Court 
  • Court Of Appeal 

A litigation lawyer may assist in managing your case effectively and representing you in the courtroom if you’re left contemplating the adjudicative procedure to make sure you receive a just outcome to your situation.

Featured Image by Gerd Altmann from Pixabay